Cycles of inspiration inspiring inspiration are a pretty great thing.
“This is NOT something users want,” another critic added. “I have a good relationship with my local airports and have worked with every local tower or control center. I get clearance to fly and they have been great, but this ‘update’ takes away my control.
”Ryan Calo, a University of Washingtonlaw professor who studies robots and the law, traces the resistance to two sources. “One is a complaint about restricting innovation. The second one says you should own your own stuff, and it’s a liberty issue: corporate verses individual control and autonomy,” Calo says. “When I purchase something I own it, and when someone else controls what I own, it will be serving someone else’s interest, not mine.”
Intersections of technology and government regulation are interesting.
When a piece of technology is so small and cheap, it’s easy to apply personal ideas of how you should be able to interact with it. At some level it make sense to compare geo-fence restrictions on drones to DRM on e-books. But really, it’s not the same concept at all.
When something is large and expensive, such as a private plane, then it’s probably easier to agree with (and understand) restrictions on where you can use it. The same thing applies to cars—just because I own a vehicle doesn’t mean I can drive it down a one way street or onto private property without consequence.
That price pressure from commercial journal publishers highlights the core conundrum of academic publishing: the conflict between the scholarly ideal of universal, open sharing of information, and the economic model of business: to make money by selling things.
I dug in to some different configurations in VVV today and decided to write them up as I went. This will be posted in some form to the VVV wiki as well. There are other networking configurations available in Vagrant, though I’m not sure that any would be useful in development with VVV.
I would recommend using default settings for initial provisioning as things can get quirky inside the VM when trying to access outside sources. Run
vagrant reload to process any network configuration changes.
Private Network (default)
config.vm.network :private_network, ip: “192.168.50.4”
This is the default configuration provided in VVV. A private network is created by VirtualBox between your host machine and the guest machine. The guest is assigned an IP address of
192.168.50.4 and your host machine is able to access it on that IP. VVV is configured to provide access to several default domains on this IP address so that browser requests from your host machine just work.
Outside access from other devices to this IP address is not available as the network interface is private to your machine.
config.vm.network “forwarded_port”, guest: 80, host: 8080
One option to provide other devices access to your guest machine is port forwarding. Uncommenting or adding this line in VVV’s
Vagrantfile and then running
vagrant reload will cause any traffic on port 8080 directed at your host machine to instead communicate with port 80 on the guest machine.
This configuration will work with private or public IP configurations as it deals with port forwarding rather than the IP of the virtual machine itself.
An immediate way to test this once configured would be to type your host machine’s IP address into a browser followed by
:8080. With port forwarding enabled, something like
http://192.168.1.119:8080 would bring up the default VVV dashboard.
Of course, this doesn’t do you much good with the default WordPress sites, as you’ll be stuck adding port 8080 to every request you make.
The easiest hack around this is to setup port forwarding on your router. Point incoming requests for port 80 to port 8080 on the IP address of your host machine. Requests through the router will then traverse ports
80 (public IP) -> 8080 (host) -> 80 (guest) and your development work can be shared with devices inside and outside of your network.
Say my router’s public IP is
18.104.22.168 and my computer’s local IP is
- Enable port forwarding in
- Configure router to forward incoming port 80 to port 8080 on 192.168.1.100.
src.wordpress-develop.22.214.171.124.xip.ioon my phone, connected through LTE.
There are other things you can do on your local machine to reroute traffic from 80 to 8080 so that it forwards properly without the use of a router. Sal Ferrallelo has posted steps to take advantage of port forwarding directly in OSX using
Replacing our default private network configuration with a public network configuration immediately provides access to other devices on your local network. Using this configuration without specifying an IP address causes the guest machine to request an address dynamically from an available DHCP server—likely your router. During
vagrant up, an option may be presented to choose which interface should be bridged. I chose my AirPort interface as that is what my local machine is using.
==> default: Available bridged network interfaces: 1) en0: Wi-Fi (AirPort) 2) en1: Thunderbolt 1 3) p2p0 4) bridge0 5) vnic0 6) vnic1 default: What interface should the network bridge to? 1
Once the guest machine receives an IP address, access is immediately available to other devices on the network.
vagrant sshand type
ifconfigto determine the IP address of the guest – mine was 192.168.1.141.
src.wordpress-develop.192.168.1.141.xip.ioon my phone, connected to the wireless network.
To me this is most desirable as it provides access to devices on the local network, not to the outside. If you are using public wifi or another insecure network, be aware–this does open your machine up to other devices on that network.
config.vm.network “public_network”, ip: “192.168.1.141”
The same configuration would be available without DHCP by specifying the IP address to use. If you know what subnet your network is on, this may be a shortcut for providing access without having to use
ifconfig inside the guest machine.
Partly inspired by the experience, BSSRS staff member David Dickson later wrote in New Scientist magazine calling for “Community Science Resource Councils”. The idea, which sadly never took off, was a sort of scientific equivalent of legal aid. It would have provided scientific knowledge and technical expertise to minority and under-represented groups, and also allowed them a greater chance to shape what questions get asked and answered by science. “Perhaps the greatest gain would be in public education,” he wrote. “Members of the community would be able to answer back.”
People today often call for evidence-based policies, but the problem is that the power to collect evidence isn’t evenly distributed. In the 1970s, BSSRS worked to change this – and build a science for the people.
There are some fun parts to this story, which was passed to me in an internal email thread today. Especially great in the context of land grant universities.
research found that being in a situation where you are trying to concentrate on a task, and an email is sitting unread in your inbox, can reduce your effective IQ by 10 points.
Wilson showed that the cognitive losses from multitasking are even greater than the cognitive losses from pot‑smoking.